Friday, May 4, 2012
The 152 Years of Theodor Herzl
Theodor Herzl, the main symbol of Zionism, the "father" of Israel, was remembered Wednesday by 152 years of his birth. On the date celebrated in Israel as Herzl's Day, his memory was revered in cities, schools and streets, and government agencies. Herzl, the Zionist dream of inspiring, faith in a strong Jewish nation, died in Austria in 1904 at age 44, and stipulated: "I want to be buried in the cemetery with my father, and stay there until the Jewish people light me to Eretz Israel." In 1949 his remains were transferred from Vienna to Mount Herzl in Jerusalem. This year's celebration had the theme "Israel 2048", focusing on the future of Israel. Thousands of students in Jerusalem celebrated the birthday of the father of Zionism, and discussed his vision for the future of the country.
Herzl was born in 1860 in the Kingdom of Hungary in the county of Pest (now Budapest). Belonging to a Jewish family, was liberal and secular education. At age 10 he was sent to a secular school that left due to anti-Semitism. So, was enrolled in an evangelical school where most students were Jewish. After the untimely death of her sister, Pauline, in 1878, his family moved to Vienna, then capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, where he obtained his doctorate in law from the University of Vienna in 1884. Worked as a lawyer, but after a year, devoted himself almost exclusively to literature, theater and journalism. His book The Jewish State, published in February 1896, indicates as a solution to the "Jewish problem" the creation of an independent and sovereign Jewish state for all Jews around the world.
Sources (in portugues): Iton Gadol / bbPress / http://www.pletz.com/blog/
More information about Theodor Herzl: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodor_Herzl
About the Zionism: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zionism
The State of the Jews (book written by Theodor Herzl): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Der_Judenstaat
School in dedication of Theodor Herzl: http://www.theodorherzl.co.za/
God blesses the Jews and Israel!